Application Technology - Fabrics - Does one have to know them all?
The manufacturers have hundreds of product names for fabrics. You as a cleaner cannot learn them by heart and also cannot be expected to know them all. These differently named fabrics are basically modifications of standard fabrics.
Here are some basic terms that could be useful:
Twill - is a durable weave. It often has ridges or ribs that run diagonally across.
Satin - is woven with yarns that are not connected at each intersection but simply float on the surface. The combination with the fine yarns often used in satin give this fabric its shiny gloss and smooth surface.
Velvet - may be recognized through its short velours structure, which gives it the fluffy grip characteristic to this fabric. The surface yarns of crimped velvet are created with steam and pressure. Cleaning as well as use may alter the appearance.
Chintz - often cotton but may also be made of rayon, polyester or a blend of these. Chintz is a printed fabric with high gloss which is created by treating with resins and heat. This gloss may suffer through cleaning with hot water, organic solvents, or simply wear. It can ultimately disappear completely.
Linen - is a broken white fabric which is woven with voluminous yarns. These yarns often contain impurities. These may lead to browning after cleaning. In order to avoid this from happening one should use our Anti-Brown Shampoo or, in the case of extraction cleaning only, use our Polster Ex.
Fluffed/flocked fabrics - have a velvety appearance, however the short fibres are not woven but fixated with glue. This is accomplisherd by means of an electrostatic process. Solvents, aggressive cleaning methods, as well as wear may loosen the fibres from the backing.
Jacquard - a name which is known by almost everyone. It is a weaving method which uses punch cards to enable the weaving of complex patterns with many different colours. The reverse side shows a mirror image of the pattern on the front side. The material used most often for this weave style is cotton. Colour fastness is an important thing to test for with this material and weave.